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Indian Commercial Vehicle Industry: Near-Term Demand Subdued But Focus On Infrastructure And Scrappage Program To Support Sales In Fy 2018        Indian Power Sector: Progress On Debt Refinancing Under Uday Leading To Improved Liquidity Profile Of The Discoms; However Slow Progress Observed In Filing Of Tariff Petitions For Fy2018 By Discoms        Indian Sugar Sector: Healthy Prices Augur Well For Profitability Of Sugar Mills; However, Western And Southern Mills Affected By Slide In Cane Crushing Volumes        Economic growth to show mild recovery in FY2018; broad-based revival in private investment cycle not imminent        Indian Basmati Rice Industry: Performance Of Basmati Industry In Fy2017 Encouraging As Higher Paddy Prices Spell Growth In Realisations In Fy2018; Resumption Of Imports By Iran Will Be A Cause For Cheer        Indian Sugar Sector: Monthly Updates        Indian Mining And Construction Equipment Industry: Monthly Updates        Indian Auto Component Industry: Commodity Price Pressure To Weigh On Profitability Of Auto Ancillaries During Q4fy2017: Monthly Update        Indian Ports Sector: March 2017: Traction in Inland Waterway projects will open up several business opportunities for the port sector players; Iron ore and POL support overall volumes as coal volume growth continues to plummet        Indian Commercial Vehicle Industry: Subdued Optimism Among Fleet Operators Dampen Bs Iv Related Pre-Buying       
 
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Economic growth to show mild recovery in FY2018; broad-based revival in private investment cycle not imminent
Indian Sugar Sector: Healthy Prices Augur Well For Profitability Of Sugar Mills; However, Western And Southern Mills Affected By Slide In Cane Crushing Volumes
Indian Power Sector: Progress On Debt Refinancing Under Uday Leading To Improved Liquidity Profile Of The Discoms; However Slow Progress Observed In Filing Of Tariff Petitions For Fy2018 By Discoms
Indian Commercial Vehicle Industry: Near-Term Demand Subdued But Focus On Infrastructure And Scrappage Program To Support Sales In Fy 2018
More...
 
STRUCTURED FINANCE RATING

ICRA’s Structured Finance Ratings (SFRs) are ICRA’s opinion on the likelihood of the rating structured instrument servicing its debt obligations in accordance with the terms. An SFR, which is generally different from the corporate Credit Rating of the originator, is based on the assessment of the risks associated with the individual components of the structured instrument. These components include legal risk, credit quality of the underlying asset, and the various features of the structure. The symbols used for SFRs are similar to the Credit Rating symbols, except that the SFRs carry a suffix of SO (for Structured Obligation) within parentheses alongside. SFRs are based on an estimation of the expected loss on the Rated instrument, under various possible scenarios. The expected loss is defined as the product of probability of default and severity of loss, once the default occurs. An SFR symbol indicates the relative level of expected loss for that instrument, with the risk of loss being similar as in the case of a corporate Credit Rating of the same level. An SFR is different from the Credit Rating of the originator as it is based on the strength of the underlying assets and structure. ICRA’s major SFR products (corresponding to the major categories of the underlying assets) are listed here. ICRA employs a specific methodology for each of its SFR products. The methodology is based on ICRA’s understanding of that particular asset class and the structure and legal issues associated with the transaction involved.

Asset-Backed Securitisation (ABS)

ABS refers to the securitisation of a diversified pool of assets, which may include financial assets like automobile loans, commercial vehicle loans, or consumer durable loans, or any non-financial class of assets that are identifiable and separable from the operations of the issuer, and whose risk of loss is measurable.

Mortgage Backed Securitisation (MBS)

An MBS has diversified housing loans as the underlying asset for the transaction.

Collateralised Debt Obligation (CDO)

A CDO transaction has a pool of corporate loans, bonds or any other debt security, including structured debt, as the underlying asset.

Future Flow Transaction (FFT)

FFTs involve a structure where specific sources of future cash flows are identified and earmarked for servicing investors. Some examples of such sources are property tax revenues of municipal corporations, power receivables of bulk consumers, and property lease rentals. FFTs are not completely de-linked from the credit risk of the issuer, but the structure, through preferential tapping of the cash flows of the issuer, can achieve a Rating that is higher than the issuer’s Credit Rating.

Partial Guarantee Structures (PGS)

These are on balance sheet liabilities that are credit enhanced through an external guarantee.

The Benefits

An issuer may derive multiple advantages from structured finance products like lower cost of funds, access to new markets and investors on the strength of a higher Rating vis-à-vis a stand-alone corporate Credit Rating, improved capital adequacy, reduced asset-liability mismatches, and greater specialisation.

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